Helpful References

History

click to watch video Watch a video on the Introductions to the Wollongong Fort.
click to watch video Watch a video on the Soldiers who manned the Wollongong Fort.
click to watch video Watch a video on the cannons and gun of Wollongong Fort.
click to watch video Watch a video on the amunitions store rooms of Wollongong Fort.
click to watch video Watch a video on the the Theodolite and Vickers Range Clock.
  • Cousins, A. (1948). A History of the Illawarra & Shoalhaven Districts 1770-1900. Australia: Producers’ Co-op. Distribution Society LTD.
  • Herben, C. (2004). 60th Anniversary Commemorative Issue. Wollongong: The Illawarra Historical Society.
  • Illawarra Historical Society. (1973). The Guns of Wollongong. Wollongong: The Illawarra Historical Society.
  • Illawarra Rotary Club. (1989). Smith’s Hill Battery Re-Enactment Firing of 80 lb RML Guns Sunday 29th January 1989. Wollongong: Illawarra Rotary Club.
  • Illawarra Rotary Club. (2009). Briefing Document for Preparation of School Excursion Notes and Web Based Resources. Wollongong: Illawarra Rotary Club.
  • Illawarra Rotary Club. (2009). The Smiths Hill Fort (Also Known as the Cliff Rd Battery). Wollongong: Illawarra Rotary Club.
  • Scott, G. (1980). The History of the Fortifications Around Wollongong. Wollongong: G. Scott.
  • Scott, G. (1980). Wollongong Harbour Fortifications. Wollongong: Illawarra Historical Society Bulletin.
  • Scott, G. (1981). The Smiths Hill Fort Project 1981. Wollongong: G. Scott.
  • Scott, G. (1986). Forts of the Illawarra. Wollongong: The Environmental Heritage Committee Wollongong- Shellharbour-Kiama.
  • Scott, G. (1989). Australia Day Weekend. Wollongong: G. Scott.
  • Wilson, G. (1984). Smith’s Hill Fort, Wollongong; Excavation of Northern Gun Pit. November 1984. Wollongong: The Environmental Heritage Committee.
  • Wollongong City of Innovation. (2007). The Blue Mile Vision: A Master Plan to Maximise Wollongong’s Advantages as a City by the Sea. Wollongong: Wollongong City Council.


The following newspaper articles are from the Wollongong Defences Local Cuttings File at the Wollongong City Library (in chronological order):

  • Cousins, A. ‘Wollongong Military H.Q. Of Illawarra’. 1937.
  • ‘Wollongong’s Old Forts: An Historical Survey’. Illawarra Mercury. 2 July 1937.
  • ‘Historians gunning for recollections’. 16 November 1979.
  • ‘Old Fort May Become Museum: Body Seeks Public Help’. 28 April 1980.
  • ‘Aldermen Agree with Battery Park Plan’. 17 June 1981.
  • Green, D. ‘Town Went Gunning for Time’. Illawarra Mercury. 28 June 1984.
  • Green, D. Defence Could not Have Failed to Have the Desired Effect'. Illawarra Mercury. 5 July 1984, p.16.
  • Failes, G. ‘Restoration Battle Not Over’. 31 August 1988.
  • Kelly, B. ‘History Unearthed at Park: Gun site rising again’. Illawarra Mercury. 9 November 1988.
  • Failes, G. ‘Council Agrees to Reinstall Old Guns’. Sun Herald. 13 November 1988, p.27.
  • Spiesser, W. ‘Battery Park Captures Part of City’s Past’. The Advertiser.
  • 16 November 1988, p.9. ‘West to Open Restored Colonial Fort’. 17 December 1988.
  • Treasure, K. ‘Tourist Site Rises from Ash: Smiths Hill Fort Aims to Link City with Past’. Illawarra Mercury. 19 December 1988.
  • ‘History Rises from the Ashes’. The Advertiser. 21 December 1988.
Click Here to view larger version of Schematics
Click the above image to view larger version
The image to the right shows four areas:
  1. Magazine
  2. Cannon 1
  3. Casemate
  4. Cannon 2

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